N.M.'s low-tech fence stopping migrants most
Arizona's high-tech 'virtual fence' isn't having as much success in staunching the flow of illegal immigrants as neighboring New Mexico's more solid approach.
By KEVIN G. HALL
Posted on Fri, Oct. 19, 2007
COLUMBUS, N.M. — While the Department of Homeland Security invests millions in an array of high-tech devices to stem the flow of illegal immigration, a low-tech effort appears to be paying off in the town made famous by the most notorious illegal immigrant of all, Pancho Villa.
Border Patrol apprehensions of both narcotics and illegal immigrants on this part of the border are down sharply for 2007, and local law enforcement officials and residents say new vehicle barriers and border fences are responsible.
The success of such low-tech efforts stands out against the difficulties the Department of Homeland Security is having in rolling out its high-tech game plan, which is being showcased in neighboring Arizona. The department has given Boeing Integrated Defense Systems until the end of the year to fix the software problems that have prevented sensors, radar systems, cameras and mobile units from working together effectively in a pilot project dubbed the “virtual fence.''
Taking the low-tech approach, the Border Patrol this year erected three miles of fencing around Columbus, where a 1916 raid by Pancho Villa killed 18 Americans and drew an American military force led by Gen. John J. ''Black Jack'' Pershing. The 15-foot-high metal fence extends west of town by about 2.7 miles and east of town by three-tenths of a mile.
To the west of Columbus, a waist-high, concrete-filled metal vehicle barrier extends well beyond the new fencing. Border Patrol officials wouldn't disclose how much of the vehicle barrier the National Guard has constructed.
Few politicians envision fencing the entire 2,000-mile U.S.-Mexico border. Plans call for just 700 miles of fencing, and only 370 miles of that by the end of next year. But the low-tech hardware near the main official border crossings in New Mexico seems to discourage crossings along the state's 180-mile border with Mexico.
''It's like the toothpaste effect. They were squeezing them in Arizona, and now we're pushing them,'' said Sharon Mitamura, a Luna County sheriff's deputy and border veteran who's seen the flow of immigrants drop as they're forced to cross away from inhabited areas.
BY THE NUMBERS
Statistics suggest as much. Border Patrol apprehensions in New Mexico in the last fiscal year, which ended on Sept. 30, are down about 44 percent from fiscal 2006, when there were 73,518 apprehensions of illegal immigrants. Cocaine seizures by the Border Patrol have dropped from 1,175 pounds in 2006 to 408 pounds this year through Aug. 31.