Proposals could limit migrant workers stay in Canada
By Linda Nguyen
Canwest News Service
March 6, 2010
TORONTO—-They arrive on the promise of good jobs, fair wages and an opportunity to support their families back home.
But thousands of migrant labourers those who land in British Columbia to pick fruit, in Ontario to work in factories and farms, or in Nova Scotia to cut Christmas trees are anxiously waiting the outcome of a debate in Ottawa that could dramatically impact their ability to work here.
These changes put the onus on the workers when the government should really be protecting them, said Chris Ramsaroop, who is with the outreach group Justica for Migrant Workers. It makes workers more fearful to speak out against the work conditions they face because their contracts wont be extended, or theyll be sent home.
One migrant worker from Thailand, who came to work on an Ontario mushroom farm three years ago, said he hopes Ottawa will make it easier for foreign workers to apply for Canadian citizenship.
Theres nothing waiting for me back home. I just wish Im allowed to stay and continue my work, said the man, who did not want his real name used.
He makes $9.50 an hour and pays income taxes.
Last October, Immigration Minister Jason Kenney announced proposed changes to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. But since Parliament was prorogued, those proposals have not yet been dealt with.
One reform includes making workers who have been in Canada for four years ineligible to work here again for at least six years. Citizenship and Immigration Canada spokesman Doug Kellam said workers who want to stay in Canada for more than four years need to go through the same citizenship application processes as everyone else.
In general, the idea is that a temporary foreign worker, by nature, is here temporarily. For people who are looking for paths to permanent residency, there are several ways and they will have four years to have the opportunity to apply, said Kellam. This notion that temporary foreign workers should be here on an ongoing basis is not what were trying to encourage.
Other proposed revisions to the program include: banning employers who abuse migrant workers from participating in the program for two years; putting new time limits on some foreign worker programs; and deporting migrant workers if job offers prove false.
These changes serve a couple of purposes, said Kellam. Theyre intended to protect temporary foreign workers from abuse and exploitation.
The ministry is reviewing public input on the changes.
According to the latest statistics, there were more than 70,000 people who came to Canada on temporary work permits in 2008, with the majority of the migrant workers arriving from the U.S., Mexico and the Philippines.
No One is Illegal a group that supports non-status residents estimates upwards of 300,000 migrant workers across the country, in a number of occupations including in greenhouses, tobacco and mushroom farms, chicken factories, fast-food restaurants, construction sites, nanny services, and the Alberta oilsands. As many as 10,000 foreign workers came to help build the Olympic facilities in Vancouver, the group says.
Some have been here for 12 to 15 years, some have worked here for eight months, said Syed Hussan. Theyre live-in caregivers, agricultural workers, refugee claimants, students who decide they want to stay and work. Theyre in the back of our restaurants as chefs, dishwashers and cleaners. Theyre in our oilsands. Theyre the backbone of some of these industries.
He said these workers are treated like an expendable labour source by Ottawa. These workers are fully taxed, fully exploited.
He said a subgroup of these workers are those who are working but dont have any immigration status in Canada. Hussan estimates there may be as many as 500,000 people in this undocumented group, but admitted it was difficult to provide accurate numbers.
The lack of job and immigration status security makes it even harder for these workers to speak out against issues like unsafe work conditions because many feel that their rights are less than those with citizenship, said Hussan.
On Christmas Eve, four migrant workers plunged 13 floors to their deaths when the scaffolding collapsed at the north Toronto apartment building balcony where they were working. The workers, who were non-unionized, were not wearing any safety harnesses.
The deaths triggered a provincewide safety blitz on construction sites, with results expected to be released early April by the Ontario Ministry of Labour.
Karl Flecker, the national director of the Canadian Labour Congress said migrant workers have little recourse against employers, who can threaten deportation.
Workers who speak up about the number of hours they work, their lack of proper vocational training, or refuse unsafe work may be painted as unscrupulous workers, said Flecker. All the employer needs to do is put a call into the Canadian Border Services Agency, say these employees arent working out and theyre out of the country. This fear creates a situation of unequal power.