Canada reimposing visa controls to stop Roma asylum-seekers, Czech media say

Canada reimposing visa controls to stop Roma asylum-seekers, Czech media say

From Friday's Globe and Mail
Last updated on Tuesday, Jul. 07, 2009 07:28AM EDT

Canada will reimpose visa requirements on citizens of the Czech Republic because of dramatically increased numbers of Roma asylum-seekers, Czech media are reporting after this week's visit to Prague by Citizenship and Immigration Minister Jason Kenney.

The national daily Lidov Noviny (People's News) said Mr. Kenney told the Czech government that the restriction would be imposed next Tuesday on the eastern European country.

Alykhan Velshi, Mr. Kenney's spokesman, would not comment on the accounts or on what the minister discussed with his Czech counterparts. But he did say that speculative media reports could spark a run on the border.

In 1997, the Canadian government imposed visa controls on the Czech Republic after large numbers of Roma – who historically have faced discrimination in the country and say they face constant attacks from skinhead and neo-Nazi groups – arrived in Canada and claimed refugee status.

The restriction remained in place for 10 years, during which time there were virtually no refugee applications. But since it was removed at the end of 2007, about 2,000 Roma have arrived – 1,000 of them in the first four months of 2009, making them the second-largest refugee applicant group after Mexicans.

Mr. Kenney has indicated he is concerned about the sharp increase in asylum claims. The Czech Republic, he said, is “hardly an island of persecution in Europe.”

The Immigration and Refugee Board sent a fact-finding team to the Czech Republic in March to investigate the treatment of Roma. Its report, posted on the IRB's website, is inconclusive – it quotes state agencies saying the Roma are protected against discrimination and non-government organizations saying they are not.

Toronto immigration lawyer Max Berger, who is acting for about 400 Roma applicants, said that the IRB has made a decision in just under 100 cases and accepted 85 per cent, an extraordinarily high rate. The general acceptance rate is about 40 per cent.

“So is Canada justified [in reimposing visa restrictions]? It's effectively shutting the door on genuine refugee claims,” Mr. Berger said.

He also said that the minister is undermining his own board by publicly declaring that the Czech Republic is not “an island of persecution” and implying that the refugee claims are not legitimate. “It's an entirely inappropriate thing for him to say,” he said.

He said it would be more appropriate if pressure were applied on the Czech government to deal with persecution of the Roma.

The concern about large numbers of applicants is “overstated panic,” he said. “The IRB has had bigger numbers in the past. In the early '90s, there were 40,000 to 45,000 claimants annually, now there are 30,000.”